Pollen-specific aquaporins NIP4;1 and NIP4;2 are required for pollen development and pollination in Arabidopsis thaliana.
|Title||Pollen-specific aquaporins NIP4;1 and NIP4;2 are required for pollen development and pollination in Arabidopsis thaliana.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2016|
|Authors||Di Giorgio JPérez, Bienert GPatrick, Ayub N, Yaneff A, Barberini ML, Mecchia MA, Amodeo G, Soto G, Muschietti JP|
|Date Published||2016 Apr 19|
In flowers with dry stigmas, pollen development, pollination and pollen tube growth require spatial and temporal regulation of water and nutrient transport. To better understand the molecular mechanisms involved in reproductive processes, we characterized NIP4;1 and NIP4;2, two pollen-specific aquaporins (AQPs) of Arabidopsis thaliana. NIP4;1 and NIP4;2 are paralogs found exclusively in the angiosperm lineage. Although they have 84% amino acid identity, they displayed different expression patterns. NIP4;1 has low expression levels in mature pollen, while NIP4;2 expression peaks during pollen tube growth. Additionally, NIP4;1pro:GUS flowers showed GUS activity in mature pollen and pollen tubes, whereas NIP4;2pro:GUS flowers only in pollen tubes. Single T-DNA mutants and double amiRNA knockdowns had fewer seeds per silique and reduced pollen germination and pollen tube length. Functional assays in oocytes showed NIP4;1 and NIP4;2 function as water and non-ionic channels. We also found that NIP4;1 and NIP4;2 C-termini are phosphorylated by a pollen-specific CPK that modifies their water permeability. Transport assays in yeasts indicated that NIP4;1 also transports ammonia, urea, boric acid and H2O2. Thus, we propose that aquaporins NIP4;1 and NIP4;2 are exclusive components of the reproductive apparatus of angiosperms with partially redundant roles in pollen development and pollination.
|Alternate Journal||Plant Cell|