Efficient plant male fertility depends on vegetative nuclear movement mediated by two families of plant outer nuclear membrane proteins.
|Title||Efficient plant male fertility depends on vegetative nuclear movement mediated by two families of plant outer nuclear membrane proteins.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2014|
|Authors||Zhou X, Meier I|
|Journal||Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A|
|Date Published||2014 Jul 29|
Increasing evidence suggests that nuclear migration is important for eukaryotic development. Although nuclear migration is conserved in plants, its importance for plant development has not yet been established. The most extraordinary plant nuclear migration events involve plant fertilization, which is starkly different from that of animals. Instead of evolving self-propelled sperm cells (SCs), plants use pollen tubes to deliver SCs, in which the pollen vegetative nucleus (VN) and the SCs migrate as a unit toward the ovules, a fundamental but barely understood process. Here, we report that WPP domain-interacting proteins (WIPs) and their binding partners the WPP domain-interacting tail-anchored proteins (WITs) are essential for pollen nuclear migration. Loss-of-function mutations in WIT and/or WIP gene families resulted in impaired VN movement, inefficient SC delivery, and defects in pollen tube reception. WIPs are Klarsicht/ANC-1/Syne-1 Homology (KASH) analogs in plants. KASH proteins are key players in animal nuclear migration. Thus, this study not only reveals an important nuclear migration mechanism in plant fertilization but also, suggests that similar nuclear migration machinery is conserved between plants and animals.
|Alternate Journal||Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.|