Calcium-regulated anion channels in the plasma membrane of Lilium longiflorum pollen protoplasts.
|Title||Calcium-regulated anion channels in the plasma membrane of Lilium longiflorum pollen protoplasts.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2011|
|Authors||Tavares B, Dias PNuno, Domingos P, Moura TFonseca, Feijó JAlberto, Bicho A|
|Date Published||2011 Oct|
|Keywords||Anions, Calcium, Cell Membrane, Cell Membrane Permeability, Chlorides, Germination, Intracellular Space, Ion Channel Gating, Ion Channels, Kinetics, Lilium, Membrane Potentials, Nitrates, Nitrobenzoates, Pollen, Protoplasts, Water|
• Currents through anion channels in the plasma membrane of Lilium longiflorum pollen grain protoplasts were studied under conditions of symmetrical anionic concentrations by means of patch-clamp whole-cell configuration. • With Cl(-) -based intra- and extracellular solutions, three outward-rectifying anion conductances, I(Cl1) , I(Cl2) and I(Cl3) , were identified. These three activities were discriminated by differential rundown behaviour and sensitivity to 5-nitro-2-(phenylpropylamino)-benzoate (NPPB), which could not be attributed to one or more channel types. All shared strong outward rectification, activated instantaneously and displayed a slow time-dependent activation for positive potentials. All showed modulation by intracellular calcium ([Ca(2+) ](in) ), increasing intensity from 6.04 nM up to 0.5 mM (I(Cl1) ), or reaching a maximum value with 8.50 μM (I(Cl2) and I(Cl3) ). • After rundown, the anionic currents measured using NO(3) (-) -based solutions were indistinguishable, indicating that the permeabilities of the channels for Cl(-) and NO(3) (-) are similar. Additionally, unitary anionic currents were measured from outside-out excised patches, confirming the presence of individual anionic channels. • This study shows for the first time the presence of a large anionic conductance across the membrane of pollen protoplasts, resulting from the presence of Ca(2+) -regulated channels. A similar conductance was also found in germinated pollen. We hypothesize that these putative channels may be responsible for the large anionic fluxes previously detected by means of self-referencing vibrating probes.
|Alternate Journal||New Phytol.|